LONGEVITY SCIENCE 101

What is Aging

Aging is marked by a progressive loss of physical integrity, with lessened functionality and increased vulnerability to death. It occurs due to a series of processes such as accumulation of cellular waste, errors, and imperfect repairs, as well as direct damage to the cells. These processes result in the familiar signs of aging and ultimately lead to the development of age-related diseases that eventually kill us.

Aging is a predominant risk factor for most common chronic diseases that limit health span: 

Age Impact on Deaths
Source: The Milbank Quarterly, Vol80, No.2, 2002 from 1997 U.S. Vital Statistics

Aging is NOT Inevitable

A common misconception is that aging is inevitable. However, in the last 10 years our understanding of aging and the processes that drive it has improved materially. Scientist have shown than aging is not inevitable, and is actually a malleable thing, which can be slowed down and even reversed if we adjust the proper “levers”.

  • AGING IS A MALLEABLE THING
  • AGING HAS LEVERS
  • THESE LEVERS CAN BE ADJUSTED
Fruit Fly

Rogina Blanka was able to extend a fly’s lifespan 2-fold by creating a mutation in the indy gene.

Mouse

Andrzej Bartke was able to extend a mouse’s lifespan 2-fold by mutating the growth hormone receptor gene and by restricting calorie intake.

Science Reveals – Slowing the Aging Process is a REALISTIC goal

Scientist Magazine cover
Time Magazine
Science Magazine
Nature Medicine Magazine

“No longer is aging being treated as a dreadful inevitability but instead as a puzzle that can be solved—as a disease with a cure.” Time Special Edition, April 2019

Example – Scenescent Cells Research

Senescent cells have been shown to contribute to age-related disease (arthritis, cataracts, etc.) in mice. Elimination of these senescent cells has had a significant impact on aging and improved healthspan in multiple animal studies across independent labs. One study even found that clearance of senescent cells led to a significant increase (~35%) in median lifespan (Baker, D. J. Nature 2016).

Age-Matched Litter Mates

Therapies Can Slow Down and Ultimately Reverse Aging

Source: Kurzggesagt & Lifespan.io

The 9 Hallmarks of Aging – A Framework For Research

In 2013 a team of researchers attempted to identify and categorize the cellular and molecular hallmarks of aging.

They broke down the causes of aging into 9 distinct scientific “hallmarks” and explained how these interact with each other to drive the onset of age-related diseases.

Today there are multiple available therapies, with many more being researched, that use this framework to directly intervene against the aging process.

Genomic
Instability

Telomere
Attrition

Epigenetic
Alteration

Loss of
Proteostasis

Deregulated
Nutrient Sensing

Mitochondrial
Dysfunction

Cellular
Senescence

Stem Cell
Exhaustion

Altered Intercellular Communication

Read More about 9 Hallmarks of Aging

Longevity Therapies Available Today on AgelessRx

image of Metformin Bottle

Metformin

Impacts the following pathways:

  • Genomic Instability
  • Epigenetic Alteration
  • Deregulated Nutrient Sensing
  • Cellular Senescence

NAD+ Patch

NAD+ Patch

Impacts the following pathways:

  • Genomic Instability
  • Epigenetic Alteration
  • Mitochondrial Disfunction
  • Cellular Senescence

LDN

LDN – Low Dose Naltrexone

Impacts the following pathways:

  • Genomic Instability
  • Loss of Protasis
  • Mitochondrial Disfunction

NAD+ Nasal Spray

NAD+ Nasal Spray

Impacts the following pathways:

  • Genomic Instability
  • Epigenetic Alteration
  • Mitochondrial Disfunction
  • Cellular Senescence

Coming soon

Rapamycin (Coming Soon)

Impacts the following pathways:

  • Cellular Senescence
  • Mitochondrial Disfunction
  • Stem Cell Exhaustion
  • Genomic Instability
  • Epigenetic Alteration
  • Deregulated Nutrient Sensing

Learn about our Rapamycin trial, PEARL:

Learn More

What Can You Do In Practice

The following three steps outline a starting point for living longer:

Step 1: Adopt a Healthier Diet and Lifestyle

Step 2: Learn about and take advantage of medical advancements in longevity

Step 3: Support longevity research efforts

NEXT STEPS